The launch of Merch by Amazon put the ecommerce behemoth into direct competition with Spreadshirt, which sells apparel and accessories with customized messages. Here is what Spreadshirt CEO Philip Rooke learned about what it takes to go head to head with a powerhouse like Amazon.

Phil Rooke, CEO, Spreadshirt

Philip Rooke, CEO, Spreadshirt

Ecommerce companies, and probably many others, look at Amazon with a mixture of fear and awe. We may well be customers of this internet giant, but we’re concerned about what would happen if this behemoth arrived in our particular space.

This happened to Spreadshirt in the summer of 2017, when Amazon appeared in our market. Established in 2002, Spreadshirt is a $130 million, self-expression, ecommerce platform. People use Spreadshirt to create clothing and accessories with messages they want the world to see. We then manage the printing, delivery, local taxes, commission payments and fulfilment.

As much as your customers love you, they are not going to pay 10% or 20% more for the same thing.

In 2018, through our five production sites we printed and shipped designs on T-shirts, hoodies, mugs and all sorts of other clothing and accessories, to over 170 countries; 5.5 million items were ordered through over 100,000 selling partners.

But the arrival of Merch by Amazon across the US and EU is shaking up the industry. I’m old enough to remember the pre-internet world of 28-day delivery schedules. Today at Spreadshirt we print and deliver within two days, but elsewhere in the industry it can be as long as two weeks. Of course Amazon’s vision is to deliver inside two hours! If it can do this, it could take a $1 billion share of the market in just a few years.


So is it possible to survive if Amazon arrives in your market? Can you hope to compete? Here’s what we’ve learnt?

1. Delivering for the Customer

Ask yourself; do you truly perform for the customer when they buy from you? You may think you are doing a good job, but if you are not benchmarking you can’t really tell. So now you have to find ways to review this. We found two simple ways to do this.

Firstly, sell on Amazon and preferably become a Prime Seller. This way you can see exactly how your operations and delivery compare to theirs. You will probably find (we did) that you have to put Amazon orders ahead of your own to hit the demanding KPIs they have. Then you have to bring your whole operation up to the standard that Amazon is demanding. This will only make you equal to Amazon in terms of delivery, but probably better than everyone else in your market.

Secondly, Google ratings will give you a wider range of competitors and are extremely important in your marketing. We keep a list of 40 competitors, including Amazon, across a number of our key countries. Reviews range from 68% to 99% good. Amazon is only 92%. So work out how to get to above 98%!

Even if your operations match those of Amazon, it’s not enough. You need to specialize, too.


2. Convenience vs Specialism

So we know that Amazon equals good delivery. It is commodity shopping, which works best when you already know what you want to buy. By the same token it is almost nothing except good delivery.

Customers who really care about a particular market, and those seeking inspiration rather than plain fulfilment, will prefer a specialist with a clearer choice of goods and expertise in the market. So you have to make this clear in your branding, range and user experience. You can develop customer trust in your market that will be stronger than Amazon.

But this means you are going to have to be clear and honest with yourself about what your business does. Focus on that and don’t be distracted by diversifying. Too many businesses look to expand their range or develop new markets in the hopes of gaining other revenue streams. Be careful that this doesn’t mean you lose your reputation for expertise.

We found that one of the best ways to demonstrate expertise, is to include real people. Amazon is a machine; its excellent customer service is a series of buttons you click. As a specialist, you need to have real and helpful customer service; for example, by making an advisory service available before the purchase. You can also bring your company alive by including your teams in marketing and social media; this shows that your company is staffed by real people who care and are experts.

3. Scale and mergers

As ex-Amazon executive Britain Ladd says, the goal on the arrival of a company like Amazon in your sector isn’t necessarily to win. The aim is to outlast the competition. To do that you need to be profitable, and that also means working for quality of revenue. It’s not just about being fast-growing or innovative. If a faster-growing rival arrives, you’re going to need cash to ride out the storm. Work out your response and implement it.


At first glance the idea of scaling and/or merging seems in direct competition with the previous suggestion to specialize. But Amazon also wins by scaling, and gaining the best unit economics and price advantage. As much as your customers love you, they are not going to pay 10% or 20% more for the same thing. They will just browse on your site and then find the equivalent on Amazon for less. So you can’t just offer the same thing as Amazon, hence the need to specialize. But you also need to think about scale.

Specialist does not have to mean small; specialists can still be a 100 million UK pound brand, but to win on scale you are going to make some alliances or acquisitions. In many markets there are buying groups or combined operations who enable better supply chain prices by working together.

This can be one impact of Amazon’s arrival in a market; it triggers M&A activity. Several brands may merge or build multi-brand groups with combined operations and supply chains. Creating groups like this makes it possible to generate significant scale and unit economics that could beat Amazon.

So is anyone surviving the onslaught of Amazon? Yes, at Spreadshirt, but we’ve had to take a long hard look at ourselves and our plan for the future. Competing against Amazon is extremely tough. Companies that succeed will need to offer an excellent, high-service and specialized brand. At Spreadshirt, our goal is to remain relevant to our customers, improve profitability and thus stay robust against our strongest competitor yet.

Spreadshirt AG is No. 324 In the Internet Retailer 2019 Top 1000.