Fullbeauty has faced competition online from Amazon and retailers such as Kohl’s and Walmart that have entered the plus-sized clothing market.

(Bloomberg)—Fullbeauty Brands Inc., the women’s plus-size retailer, set a record for the fastest U.S. corporate bankruptcy after taking less than 24 hours to win court approval for its plan to restructure the company.

The company had support from all its stakeholders when it filed for Chapter 11 status on Sunday in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in White Plains, New York. Fullbeauty, which had more than $1 billion of borrowings, is cutting around $900 million of debt through the bankruptcy process, allowing it to funnel less cash toward interest payments while it turns itself around.

Judge Robert Drain said on Monday there were good reasons to approve the company’s plan promptly, including that every creditor had voted for the plan, and that the company has foreign suppliers that may not be comfortable selling to a company in bankruptcy. He gave verbal approval for the plan on Monday in court, less than a day after the original filing, and signed the official order approving the plan on Tuesday.

The previous record for the fastest Chapter 11 process is held by Blue Bird Body Co., which exited bankruptcy in 2006 in less than two days, based on the time between the bankruptcy filing and the judge’s verbal approval for the plan.


“We structured this deal as if bankruptcy never happened for our trade creditors, vendors and employees to avoid further disruption to the company,” Jon Henes at Kirkland & Ellis, the company’s legal counsel, said in an interview. “In this situation, every day in court is another day of costs without any corresponding benefit.”

Months of negotiations with creditors and sponsors Apax Partners and Charlesbank Capital Partners led to a forbearance agreement that allowed Fullbeauty to prepare documents and financing ahead of the filing date.

“The goal was to get to a fully consensual deal as quickly as possible,” Jamie Baird of PJT Partners, the company’s financial adviser, said in an interview. “If you let any retailer fall into bankruptcy without a plan, a number of challenges can arise that you want to avoid,” he said. “That threat got everyone on board.”

As part of the restructuring, senior lenders including Oaktree Capital Group LLC and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. are putting in more capital and get a majority equity stake. One advantage for Fullbeauty is that it doesn’t have stores to worry about. The company sells online and through catalogs, which frees it from having to evaluate which outlets it needs to close.


Fullbeauty faces competition online from Amazon.com Inc. (No. 1 in the Internet Retailer 2018 Top 500) and retailers including Kohl’s Corp. (No. 18) and Walmart Inc. (No. 3)  that have entered the plus-sized clothing market, which the chain defines as women’s sizes 12 to 44. Profitability also was hurt by low supplies of basics clothing, heavy discounting and inventory clearance, Bloomberg  reported.

Amazon expatriate

“Amazon has changed the game,” CEO Emilie Arel said in an interview. She joined the company in November 2017 after serving in a leadership role at an Amazon subsidiary. Consumer expectations are different now as shipping and merchandising improves, Arel said. “We need our technology to be more modern, and having financial flexibility to make those kinds of investments sets the company up for growth.”

On top of competitive pressures, Fullbeauty was saddled with more than $1.2 billion of debt, and it struggled to keep up with interest payments. The New York-based retailer told investors in late October that it would skip a payment on its $345 million second-lien term loan, Bloomberg reported. The forbearance agreement with creditors followed, along with a tentative accord to rework the company’s debt and cut leverage.


The prospect of bankruptcy was used to speed up the negotiation process, according to Saul Burian of investment bank Houlihan Lokey, financial adviser to a group of second-lien lenders. “There was a major shift when Fullbeauty pivoted from a shorter-term solution that left its first-lien debt in place to a complete restructuring,” he said. “Not all the parties agreed, but once the company moved down that road, it’s hard to put the genie back in the bottle.”

Fullbeauty still generates a majority of its purchases through its catalogs, which increases expenses, Kirkland’s Henes said. “There’s a good amount of capital investment that needs to happen that’s always been stifled by a crushing debt load,” he said. “Transition to the online business is a lot easier to do when you have $300 million of debt as opposed to over a billion.”